Tax Tax Advice

HMRC will use internet activity to identify tax evasion

6 Sep 2018

HMRC will “observe, monitor, record and retain internet data” which is available to everyone, including blogs and social networking sites where no privacy settings have been applied, it has specifically confirmed in an update.

The guidance on criminal investigations for tax offences also mentions other “open source” internet sources which HMRC will monitor such as news reports, internet sites, Companies House and land registry records.

The update effectively confirms what we already know – that HMRC plugs huge amounts of data into its sophisticated “Connect” computer system to identify those who may not be paying the tax they owe.

Reports say HMRC’s use of land registry records has led to a recent mass sending of letters to people identified as having sold a second home but not having declared a profit in their tax return. These letters are intended to act as a prompt, giving taxpayers an opportunity to explain why they are not subject to tax or to pay the outstanding tax.

In stating specifically that HMRC will look at information on the internet, it is making sure such intelligence work will be classed as overt surveillance, which means HMRC does not have to get specific authorisation to do it.

However, it also serves the dual purpose of reminding those with undeclared income or gains that there is a good chance that the tax authorities will catch up with them.

Whilst criminal prosecution cannot be ruled out in cases of tax evasion, it is much less likely for those who come clean with HMRC and offer to settle their outstanding liabilities.

As well as significantly reducing the risk of criminal prosecution, approaching HMRC before they catch up with you could mean lower penalties.

HMRC’s criminal investigation policy states that it is HMRC’s policy to deal with fraud by using “cost effective civil fraud investigation procedures” under Code of Practice 9 (COP 9) wherever appropriate. COP 9 gives the taxpayer the opportunity to make a complete and accurate disclosure of irregularities in their tax affairs.

Criminal investigation is usually reserved for cases where HMRC needs to send a strong deterrent message or where the conduct involved is very serious. The guidance gives examples of when HMRC may prosecute.

These include organised fraud, deliberate concealment and forgery of documents but also where materially false statements are made or materially false documents are provided in the course of a civil investigation.

Time running out for those with unpaid tax

The guidance indicates a criminal investigation is also likely where when using an avoidance scheme, reliance is placed on a false or altered document or such reliance or material facts are misrepresented to enhance the credibility of a scheme.

Time is effectively running out for anyone with underpaid tax involving offshore matters to regularise their affairs without being exposed to swingeing new penalties.

Those who take the first steps to correcting their non-compliance before September 30th may be available to avoid penalties of as much as two or three times the unpaid tax.

A new legislative requirement to correct offshore non-compliance committed before April 6th, 2017 will result in higher than normal penalties for those who do not disclose the fact that an offshore tax irregularity exists by September 30th, and make a full disclosure by December 29th, 2018.

There will be standard penalty equivalent to 200% of the underpaid tax liability which can be reduced to a minimum of 100% of the tax involved depending on the taxpayer’s level of co-operation with HMRC, the quality of the taxpayer’s disclosure and the seriousness of the taxpayer’s failure to correct.

In the most serious cases an asset-based penalty of up to 10% of the value of assets connected to the failure will be charged.

Does the new legislation impact you? Get in touch with our team of accountants today to discuss getting your tax information updated before September 30th and ultimately avoiding potentially heavy fines.